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This article presents the results of a research dedicated to the correlation between cultural values and economic attitudes (n = 110 people). The participants belonged to the young (18 – 25 years old) generation and the adult (37 – 63 years) generation of Russian people. The goal of the research was to reveal a correlation between cultural values and economic attitudes among representatives of different generations of Russians. It has been found that for the adult generation, the “Power Distance” value is positively correlated with economic self-determination and the desire of having money. For the young generation, the “Power Distance” value is not associated with the growth of the welfare, and “Uncertainty Avoidance” encourages economic autonomy but does not create more opportunities for increasing personal material income; “Masculinity” does not bring along the economic self-determination. The study has also demonstrated that economic paternalism is most expressed among representatives of the young generation, and they are more ready to take economic risks in order to increase their income, but the chances of making their personal financial income higher are not as big as those of the adult generation.
The issue of capital city relocation is a topic of debate for more than forty countries around the world. In this first book to discuss the issue, Vadim Rossman offers an in-depth analysis of the subject, highlighting the global trends and the key factors that motivate different countries to consider such projects, analyzing the outcomes and drawing lessons from recent capital city transfers worldwide for governments and policy-makers.
This research combines theories of civil society and local self-governance in describing citizen participation in solving neighborhood problems. Similar to neighborhood associations elsewhere, in Russia “organizations of territorial social selfgovernance” (TOS) have been formed to facilitate citizen participation in improving their communities. This research presents the first ever study of TOS across all Russian regions, drawing on a range of secondary data, lists of registered groups, and a phone survey of potential collaboration partners conducted in 2015. This paper explores the current state of these groups and their potential for collaboration with other civic organizations, government and business.
In the course of the last few years, the Russian society has been going through a stage of political, cultural and economic transformations that bring changes into the lifestyle, attitudes, and worldview of Russian citizens. The process of development has embraced not only science and technology, but also the social and cultural aspects of life. The contemporary image of Russia is in many ways defined by its younger generation that grew up within new economic, social and political standards. Young people’s values, attitudes and aspirations differ from those of the adult generation of Russians, since the last years have been marked by transformations inside the country, as well as by some global changes. The paper demonstrates the results of a study which aimed to identify the relationship between individual values and attitude towards innovation. 380 respondents, young and adult representatives of the Russian population, took part in the research. The respondents belonged to the younger generation (under 25 years old) or to the adult generation (over 45 years old). The principal instrument used was the method of questionnaires. The methodic inventory consists of three main blocks oriented to the study of the following constructs: the PVQ-R method of measuring individual values (Schwartz et al., 2011) and the method of “Self-assessment of innovative qualities of a personality” (Lebedeva, Tatarko, 2009).The goal of the research is to reveal the age differences in values and attitudes towards innovation, and to find out which values determine positive or negative attitude towards innovations among representatives of different generations of Russians. The younger generation values "Self-Direction Thought", "Stimulation", "Achievement", " Power Dominance" stimulate the adoption of innovations.
This volume deals with one of the most understudied aspects of everyday life in Russian society. Its main heroes are the providers of goods and services to whom people turn for healthcare instead of official medical institutions. A wide range of agents is described—from network marketing companies to 'folk' journals on health as well as healers, complementary medicine specialists, and religious organizations.
Krasheninnikova’s book is based on rich empirical observations and avoids both positive and critical assessment of the analyzed phenomena. Her investigation pays particular attention to the legal, social, and economic status of informal healthcare providers. She demonstrates that these agents tend to flourish in bigger towns rather than in small settlements, where public healthcare is lacking. The study reveals the important role of institutions that are generally not related to alternative medicine, such as pharmacies, libraries, and church shops.
The result is a vivid and thorough introduction to the world of self-medication and alternative healing in contemporary Russia. A special emphasis was made on the flexibility of boundaries between formal and informal healthcare due to the evolution of rules and regulations.
This article examines theoretical aspects of the co-production concept and illustrates its applicability within the framework of place marketing and tourism. A theoretical exploratory technique based on literature and discussion is employed to propose a conceptual model on residents’ willingness to be engaged in co-production activities.
Sustainable public procurement (SPP) is a process of purchasing goods, services, works and utilities for public needs in a way that ensures benefits not only to the organization, but also to society and the economy, whilst minimizes damage to the environment. SPP can be part of the overall mechanism of sustainable development. The purpose of this paper is to investigate how SPP can contribute to sustainable development, what is the legal framework for it, what factors promote and inhibit SPP, how SPP can be implemented in practice. By analyzing regulatory legal acts, the international SPP experience, a large body of international academic research and reports of international organizations involved in the promotion of SPP, we advance two key features that make public procurement an effective mechanism of sustainable development: (1) the scale of public procurement and (2) the power and authority of procurement bodies. We distinguish between several different schemes of legal support of SPP. The main drivers of SPP are leadership, clarity of strategies and plans that articulate SPP goals, the legislative support of the SPP process, and the information support of procurement specialists. Our review of international experience in SPP is expected to contribute to a more vigorous implementation of SPP by procurement authorities.
In today's fast-moving world, project management gradually covers one activity after another. Increasingly, projects are the major components of the organization. Over time, projects are becoming more complex and dynamic, often, to achieve this goal it is necessary to implement a whole range of projects. Successful implementation of such projects, in most cases is only possible when using the approach to management based on values, the correct application of which makes it possible to optimize and balance the activities of the organization to achieve strategic and tactical objectives. This article discusses the application of value driven project portfolio methodology.
The problem of inter-generational distinctions in values is actual in modern Russia. Since the middle of the 80-90th years of the XX century the valuable gap between generations is observed. The aim of the work is to generalize the theoretical researches on a problem of existence/lack of inter-generational distinctions in values and to conduct the empirical research directed on identification of a valuable gap between generations. 380 people acted as respondents in this research: representatives of adult generation and youth of Russia. The hypothesis of existence of inter-generational distinctions in individual values of Russians was confirmed during the research. Values "Independence of thought", "Stimulation", "Universalism", and "Universalism: tolerance" prevail among youth. Among adults the values expressing interests of group prevail: "Tradition", "Benevolence: care" and valuable orientation "Modesty"
This study examines perfectionism among a sample of 183 Russian college students. Psychometric properties of the Russian version of the Short Almost Perfect Scale (SAPS) were examined. Confirmatory factor analysis results supported the Russian SAPS factor structure. Results also indicated adequate reliability and validity of the SAPS in this Russian sample. Participants were further classified into different types of perfectionists—adaptive, maladaptive, and non-perfectionists—using latent profile analysis. As expected, maladaptive perfectionists reported higher levels of both anxiety and depressive mood compared to adaptive perfectionists; however the stress level between these two types of perfectionists was not significantly different. Cultural contexts, practical implications, and future directions were also discussed.
This article investigates the role of child temperament and mother’s personality in maternal relation to child. Basing on
theoretical ideas and empirical evidences we proposed that parental personality is associated with parenting directly but this
association also interacts with child temperament. Mother’s (N=110) completed EPI to assess extraversion and neuroticism.
Mother’s relation to child was assessed with the Parent-child interaction questionnaire on five subscales: Positive relation to
child, Control, Mildness, Consistency and Confidence. Child temperament was rated by mothers using the Carey
Temperament Questionnaire. According to the results obtained a mother’s neuroticism and extraversion don’t predict the
relation to child. Child temperament plays a more important role: Adaptability and Quality of mood are predictors for most
mother’s relations to child characteristics. Together Threshold of responsiveness and Distractibility predict mother’s Control.
Results of this study are generally consistent with those outlining the influence of infant temperament on parent relation to
Mind mapping approach is acknowledged as a fruitful collaborative educational technique. However, there is a lack of researches on students’ experience during learning with mind maps. Nowadays, information technologies are developed and wide spread impetuously. Thus digital mind maps become more and more popular. The process of their creation is strongly supported by different software, but little is known about this software application to educational needs. This paper aims to fill this gap. The comprehension of mind mapping approach adoption is implemented in a form of pedagogical reflection. The data for the pedagogical reflection were gained from the research, which was designed in a mixed methodology. The combination of a survey and a participant observation aimed to get collaborative data on students' perception and estimations of mind mapping. The survey's questionnaire was developed based on the technique's functions and results of participant observation. The analysis highlighted that the Coggle may be confidently use as an educational software in case of supporting in-class and home collaborative activities on mind mapping. As a result, the set of recommendations for teaching with mind maps was developed. The directions for a further work are discussed.
Nowadays, more and more attention is paid to the correlation of cultural parametres with the indicators of social and economic development. The connection of cultural values and economic development goes through multiple changes, in different countries and in different periods. In Russia that is constantly under the influence of economic and social transformations this question is especially relevant. One can say that culture, to some extent, bears responsibility for the economic development. It is to be expected that representatives of different generations of Russian people would perceive questions related to the problem of cultural values and economic attitudes in a different way. The younger generation has different prevailing values, and young people adapt more easily to the new life conditions. Only the young people that have already got used to new life conditions, in Russia tormented by reforms, can change their attitude towards values and economic attitudes faster than the adult generation that grew up in another country (the USSR) and thus had to change a lot during the social and economic changes that were occurring at the time. It is to be noticed that the Russian society, in the last years, is in the middle of a period of political, cultural and economic transformations. This brings a lot of changes to the way of life and to the mentality of the Russian population. During the last few years, people had to elaborate their own behaviour standards, to act, to know their way around in the situation that had occurred. Obviously, the young people turned to be more interested and open to new practices and transformations than people of an older generation whose system of attitudes and values had yet been formed in the Soviet times. Today’s young generation is the indicator of social and economic alterations of the last 10-15 years. Russians’ values, their active life philosophy and their ideas of what is important in their lives and what is not, – this is the core of the national identity.
This paper introduces and applies an assessment method designed to measure city satisfaction in relation to the subjective perception of individual well-being. A structural model of residential satisfaction assessment is developed. To test the model, we have carried out an empirical research study, employing a representative sample (1636 respondents) of the residents of Perm, a large Russian city. We demonstrate both the direct and indirect influence of satisfaction with urban services, respondents’ individual characteristics, life satisfaction, and happiness on overall city satisfaction. Moreover, we attempt to explore the causality between subjective well-being and city satisfaction. Our approach is aimed to provide local policy makers with a more refined tool for decision making in urban policy, which could be of great importance as far as the city authorities need to set up priorities in urban management, especially under the pressure of limited budgets. The results allow for the illustration of the cumulative and hierarchical nature of city satisfaction, and highlight the relation of various life and urban domains and their influence on happiness, life satisfaction and city satisfaction.
This study addresses the representation of the linguistic and cultural type “immigrant” in French and Russian media discourse. Linguistic analysis of selected sources shows, on the one hand, signs of tolerance towards immigrants and, on the other hand, evidence of rejecting immigrants, which demonstrates the ambiguity of the matter and indirectly provokes conflicts. Visual composition analysis complements these results by revealing the following: the purpose of immigration – employment – is often socially rejected; immigrants’ sense of community is a specific cultural code in a host culture; and the cultural transfer of an “immigrant” into a different space creates uncertainty or ambiguity.